Having a disability is something that makes people loses all their interest in life. More than half of the individuals who have a particular disability tend to become anxious, stressed, and depressed. With that state, it ruins their every life. It affects everything from work, school, friends, and even family relationship. There is an emotional and mental issue buildup from overthinking about people’s worth and capability.
Disability and depression correlate with each other. That’s because individuals with a disability are often afraid to communicate with others. They have this perception that because they think of themselves as incapable individuals, society doesn’t accept them. “The more distress there is in one’s life, the greater the impact on daily functioning and overall quality of life,” writes Mark Borigini M.D.
This scenario causes them to have depressive disorders. But what are these conditions? What do we have to know about it? How come it affects people with disability so much?
Types Of Depression
A lot of people already stereotyped depression as extreme sadness. They think of it as a habit of not being in the mood all the time. However, that perception is far from the truth. Depression has sub disorders with different symptoms, causes, and intensities. Here are the signs of each different types of depression.
Disruptive Mood Regulation Disorder
“Although there are many hedges and exceptions to making the diagnosis of DMDD in DSM-5, the essential criteria are: three temper tantrums per week at a minimum and a persistent irritable mood between tantrums,” writes Stuart L. Kaplan M.D.
Disruptive mood regulation disorder refers to the simultaneous outburst of temper either verbal or physical. Usually, it happens approximately three times a week. The experience of being moody and sad besides having anger issues three to four times a week is also a visible sign of DMRD. It is more likely identifiable when individuals suffer from this condition for more than a year or at least it started way before the age of ten. Usually, it makes people susceptible to creating uncalled decisions. Categorically, people with this state tend to be defiant, don’t consider lasting relationships with others, unable to follow the rules, impulsive, and aggressive.
Major Depressive Disorder
A major depressive disorder is most commonly known as clinical depression. It is a state where individuals experience episodes for a long term period. Though sometimes, others only experience an incident once in their life. The condition of individuals with MDD usually lasts for nearly two weeks. However, though it may seem to appear in a short term state, this particular disorder arises every day. There’s the numbness and the feeling of hopelessness, fatigue, decreased interest for the things these individuals used to like, changes in sleep patterns, increase or decrease appetite, lack of concentration, forgetfulness, having suicidal thoughts and attempt, as well as self-harm. MDD is also capable of mixing with other types of disorders such as anxiety, catatonia, melancholic and psychotic features, and even seasonal patterns.
“Clinical depression looks very similar to the presentation of animals who have “given up” when facing competitions or challenges. There is a withdrawal from the immediate environment, a decrease in motivation and looks of defeat,” writes Stuart L. Kaplan M.D.
Persistent Depressive Disorder
Persistent depressive disorder (also known as dysthymia) is an ongoing mental illness. Its signs and symptoms are not as explicit as major depressive disorder. However, symptoms happen almost every day. It goes along with the change in sleep patterns, appetite change that makes people lose or gain weight drastically, low energy, poor self-esteem, poor concentration, lack of motivation, isolation, and forgetfulness. Same as MDD, dysthymia can also go along with other types of mental illnesses and can range from different levels of severity. So depending on the disability, people suffering from this one may have a problem in considering treatment.
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder
In general, disability hits both men and women. However, premenstrual dysphoric disorder focuses only on the latter. It disables approximately three to eight percent of women without apparent reason. No one can explain why. Usually, the following symptoms occur during a female’s menstrual cycle. These symptoms include mood swings, feelings of hopelessness or being overwhelmed, increased sensitivity, sluggish or feeling tired all the time, anxiety, lack of interest in any activities, insomnia, and an excessive amount of sleep. Aside from these signs, physical symptoms are also visible in this condition. There’s joint pain, weight gain, bloating, tender breast, and swelling.
Substance or Medication-Induced Depressive Disorder
It is a condition present during the use of medication or substance abuse. It includes symptoms like irritability, a sense of hopelessness, short temper, depressive episodes, and no pleasure or interest in anything. Usually, these signs will occur when individuals are in withdrawal state of under the influence of a particular substance. Since most people use drugs to feel better, they usually don’t notice the effect of the depressive disorder. The condition also triggers bipolar disorder where drug abuse becomes an excuse for forming a different psychological pattern.
Depressive Disorder Due To Another Medical Condition
It is another type of depressive disorder that consolidates with other types of medical diagnosis. It could form due to having HIV, stroke, diabetes, arthritis, physical disability, and viral infection. Its symptoms include a series of depressive mood, irritability, lack of interest, and an expansive or elevated mood.
With that said, we need to acknowledge that these disorders are treatable. As long as there are proper diagnosis and consistent medical interventions, people suffering from these types of conditions can recover.